Germany and former states
German WW2 Kriegsmarine High Seas Fleet badge (HSF) by the manufacurer Rudolf Souval of Wien / Vienna denoted by the R.S. marking in relief on the reverse. Depicting a naval battleship steaming out of an oakleaf wreath with the Kriegsmarine Eagle crowning the design is certainly “striking” as the ship bears down face on.
This particular badge has suffered tarninshing / loss of gilding (the gold wash) around 40% of the wreath but overall retains a pleasing patina.
Note: Some RS or Rudolf Souval badges were produced post 1945 and as always many copies abound. It is highly recomended to do an exhaustive comparison of fine details with known originals.
Later version of the Karl Wurster GAB (small w maker mark at 11 o’clock position). Compared to the earlier version of the General assault badge of the same manufacturer it can be seen that the medal is:
– Of a different finish (silver coloured paint wash vs silver enamel paint / electrolyte)
– Uses a different Hinge (Folded stamped metal vs Block hinge)
The obverse detailing shows commonality with the earlier variant so one can assume that the moulds of the badge were not changed but re used with the new metal composition.
An early example of the small w GAB (General Assault Bage) from manufacturer Karl Wurster. The badge is made from zinc which is then silvered and evidence of this can be seen on the rear of the badge where “zinc pest” (corrosion of the zinc) has produced bubbling beneth the silver coating.
Please see the later example of this badge by the same manufacturer which is also in the medal database.
Manufactured by B.H.L a Germany WW1 War service cross (Hindenberg cross) without swords medal. Manufacturer marking is in the center of the rear of the cross and is impressed / stamped into the medal.
A world war one War service cross without swords for Non Combatants from the manufacturer O.14 (marker mark in relief on lower arm of cross on medal reverse). Currently O.14 is an unidentified German medal manufacturer therefore any possible clarification would be gratefully received.
The Hindenberg cross (unofficial nomenclature) without swords would have been awarded to members of the WW1 German armed forces serving behind the lines or for organisations such as Firefighters or Policemen (Public servants) in Germany. Also included in the potential awardess would be leaders of industry supporting the war effort. EG Military materials suppliers.
German WW1 war service cross medal with swords. Manufactured by LAUER NURNBG-BERLIN, Lauer of Nurenberg and Berlin. Maker mark (hersteller in German) is in relief on the reverse of the medal in the lower arm of the cross.
First world war “Hindenberg” cross with swords. Obverse is comprised 1914-1918 dates surrounded by a laurel wreath superimposed upon the cross. The G.5 maker mark has not been attributed.
Note: Some collectors consider the gothic script G to be in fact a B
Hindenberg cross with swords or correctly known as first world war, war service cross with crossed swords (denotes combat experience or at least belonging to the armed forces). This example manufacturer marked C.P.
WW2 German Kriegsmarine Coastal Artillery badge by the much appreciated, amongst collectors, manufacturer Schwerin Berlin. Nava badges from Schwerin are reknowned for their high level of detailing, the way that they maintain their gilding / wash after many years and their robust hinge and pin set up (you dont find many with a broken / repaired reverse).
Note -> As always the problem with being a much appreciated antique badge is that they are also the first to be copied and reproduced. From the images shown below there is more than enough detail to make a comparison for authentication purposes.
W.K. maker marked frontfighters cross with swords from the first world war. Swords denote combat / battle participation of the awardee.